Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS) and
Male and Female Faces
There are basic differences between male and female faces, but the degree
of masculinity or femininity varies. Females have a more pointed chin and
less nasal prominence, for example. The forehead differs in the areas of
the brows and the mid forehead, and the skull’s shape affects the
drape and contour of the skin. No particular feature makes a face look more
male or female. Instead, it is the number of masculine or feminine features
that characterizes the face. Below are differences between male and female
faces to help guide those exploring facial feminization.
- Overall Shape
An attractive female face tends to be heart shaped. It has rounded corners
from the hairline down to a single point at the chin. Male faces have a
more square appearance and an “M” shaped hairline coming down
to a wide, square cornered jaw at the bottom. The lower third of the male
face is usually longer because of a long top lip and tall chin. In profile,
the female face tends to be flat while the male forehead slopes backwards,
with the lower half of the face protruding forward.
The male hairline is usually higher than the female’s and tends to
have an “M” shape that recedes at the temples.
This is one of the more apparent gender markers. The bone ridge running
across the forehead above the eyes, known as brow bossing, is more pronounced
in males. Females have almost no discernable brow bossing because their
foreheads are more rounded with a fairly flat front. In profile, female
foreheads are more vertical instead of backward sloping.
Male eyebrows are fairly straight and thick and sit on or just under the
orbital rims. Female eyebrows generally sit higher and are more arched.
The female nose is smaller, shorter. It has a narrower bridge and nostrils,
often has a more concave profile, and tends to be blunter at the tip. Also
it has a greater angulation between the lip and the tip of the nose (points
Female cheeks tend to be fuller and more rounded, and cheekbones are a little
higher and further forward. Men often have hollow cheeks, because of flatter
cheekbones and their tendency to carry less fat.
The distance between the nose’s base and lip’s top is usually
longer in males When a female mouth is relaxed and slightly open, it usually
shows a bit of her top teeth, which lends a youthful appearance to the face.
The area between the top lip and nose often has a more backward slope in
Female chins are rounded. Male chins are wider, have a flat base and have
two corners that form a square shape. Male chins are taller and heavier
and are more likely to have a vertical cleft in the middle.
The male jawbone is usually heavier built and tends to be wider, because
the muscles attached to the corners of the jawbone are much bigger. Female
jaw lines run in a gentle curve from the earlobe to the chin. In males it
tends to drop down straight from the ear and then turn at a sharp angle
towards the chin giving a square appearance.
- Adam’s Apple
The Adam’s apple is usually visible and very prominent in males, but
rarely visible in females.
The eyes in a woman appear larger. This is in part because of the shape
of the bony rim above and the forehead, and partly because of the cheek
bones. The combination of bone shapes create relatively larger eyes which
is considered both feminine and attractive.